One basic characteristic of Cretans’ identity is their nutrition habits, the value of which has been recognized globally. Cretan nutrition has the basic characteristics of the Mediterranean nutrition and mainly consists of olive oil, bread, large quantities of fruits and vegetables, and a moderate amount of dairy products and wine. Many Cretan products such as the Cretan olive oil, the wine, the bread biscuits and the honey are either Products with Designation of Origin Protection or Products with Geographical Indication.
Already from the 1960’s the research of the Seven Countries had revealed the beneficiary properties of the Cretan nutrition in health, by finding very low rates of death from cardio diseases in Cretan men. In addition, the Lyon nutrition (diet), the results of which were extraordinary on health improvement and the decrease of deaths from cardio problems, has its roots on Cretan nutrition. Recent studies (2011) showed that the Mediterranean nutrition contributes greatly in decreasing blood pressure, diabetes, and triglycerides, while in 2010 UNESCO recognized the important contribution of this diet in the world.